Allied Health Professionals Programs, Certificates and Degrees

What are Allied Health Professions?

Allied Health Professions are a large cluster of health care related professions whose functions include assisting, facilitating, or complementing the work of physicians and other specialists in the health care system.

Allied Health professionals are involved with the delivery of health or related services pertaining to the identification, evaluation and prevention of diseases and disorders; dietary and nutrition services;
rehabilitation and health systems management, among others. Allied health professionals, to name a few, include dental hygienists, diagnostic medical sonographers, dietitians, medical technologists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, radiographers, respiratory therapists, and speech language pathologists.

Allied Health professionals provide services to enhance and maintain function of their patients and clients within a range of settings including hospitals, private practice, community health and in-home care. The Allied Health workforce works across the spectrum from acute to primary care and aged care.

Please click on an Allied Health Profession to learn more. To view a complete list of the Allied Health Professions with descriptions, please scroll down the page.

Allied Health Professions List

Anesthesia Technician/Technologist/Assistant - Assist anesthesiologists in the administration of anesthesia for surgical and non-surgical procedures. Monitor patient status and provide patient care during surgical treatment.

Athletic Trainer - Evaluate and treat musculoskeletal injuries or illnesses. Provide preventive, therapeutic, emergency, and rehabilitative care.

Audiologist - Assess and treat persons with hearing and related disorders. May fit hearing aids and provide auditory training. May perform research related to hearing problems.

Bioinformatics Specialist - Apply principles and methods of bioinformatics to assist scientists in areas such as pharmaceuticals, medical technology, biotechnology, computational biology, proteomics, computer information science, biology and medical informatics. Apply bioinformatics tools to visualize, analyze, manipulate or interpret molecular data. May build and maintain databases for processing and analyzing genomic or other biological information.

Blood Bank Technology Specialist - responsible for making sure blood donations are high quality, free of disease, and safe for transfusion into certain patients.

Blood Transfusion Medical Specialist - provide scientific and expert judgement on massive transfusions, difficult/incompatible transfusions and rational use of specialized blood product therapy like irradiated blood.

Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation Specialist - Counsel individuals to maximize the independence and employability of persons coping with cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary difficulties that result from birth defects, illness, disease, accidents, or aging. Coordinate activities of care at treatment facilities. Assess client needs and design and implement rehabilitation programs.

Cardiovascular Technician/Technologist - Conduct tests on pulmonary or cardiovascular systems of patients for diagnostic, therapeutic, or research purposes. May conduct or assist in electrocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, pulmonary functions, lung capacity, and similar tests.

Chiropractic Assistant - Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of a Chiropractor. Administrative duties may include scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding information for insurance purposes. Clinical duties may include taking and recording vital signs and medical histories, preparing patients for procedures, adjustments.

Chiropractic Technician - Perform routine manipulation tests for the diagnosis and treatment of patient by Chiropractor.  Care for patients by manipulation of spine and musculoskeletal system.

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Assistant - Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of a physician. Administrative duties may include scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding information for insurance purposes. Clinical duties may include taking and recording vital signs and medical histories, preparing patients for examination, drawing blood, and administering medications as directed by physician.

Community Healthcare Worker - Provide individuals, families, and groups with the health support needs to cope with chronic, acute, or terminal illnesses. Provide patients with information. Promote health, prevent disease, and address barriers to access to healthcare.

Cytogenetic Technologist - Analyze chromosomes or chromosome segments found in biological specimens, such as amniotic fluids, bone marrow, solid tumors, and blood to aid in the study, diagnosis, classification, or treatment of inherited or acquired genetic diseases. Conduct analyses through classical cytogenetic, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) or array comparative genome hybridization (aCGH) techniques.

Cytotechnologist - Stain, mount, and study cells to detect evidence of cancer, hormonal abnormalities, and other pathological conditions following established standards and practices.

Dental Assistant - Perform limited clinical duties under the direction of a dentist. Clinical duties may include equipment preparation and sterilization, preparing patients for treatment, assisting the dentist during treatment, and providing patients with instructions for oral healthcare procedures. May perform administrative duties such as scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding information for insurance purposes.

Dental Hygienist - Administer oral hygiene care to patients. Assess patient oral hygiene problems or needs and maintain health records. Advise patients on oral health maintenance and disease prevention. May provide advanced care such as providing fluoride treatment or administering topical anesthesia.

Dental Laboratory Technician - Construct and repair full or partial dentures or dental appliances.

Diabetes Educator - Provide information and instruction to patient and patient's families on how to manage diabetes and to minimize its impact on the quality of life.

Diagnostic Molecular Scientist - Research and perform diagnostic testing, design and process DNA and RNA isolation tests, and complete research into infectious diseases.

Dietetic Assistant - Complete administrative and clinical tasks in the offices of hospitals and other healthcare facilities relative to food and nutrition. Duties vary with the location, specialty, and size of the practice.

Dietetic Technician - Assist in the provision of food service and nutritional programs, under the supervision of a dietitian. May plan and produce meals based on established guidelines, teach principles of food and nutrition, or counsel individuals.

Dietician/Nutritionist - Plan and conduct food service or nutritional programs to assist in the promotion of health and control of disease. May supervise activities of a department providing quantity food services, counsel individuals, or conduct nutritional research.

Electrocardiograph Technician/Technologist - Operate special imaging equipment to create images or conduct tests specific to cardiopulmonary situations. The images and test results help physicians assess and diagnose medical conditions. May work closely with physicians and surgeons before, during, and after procedures.

Electroneurodiagnostic Technician/Technologist - Operate special imaging equipment to create images or conduct tests relative to neurologic situations. The images and test results help physicians assess and diagnose medical conditions. May work closely with physicians and surgeons before, during, and after procedures.

Emergency Care Attendant - Drive ambulance or assist ambulance driver in transporting sick, injured, or convalescent persons. Assist in lifting patients.

Emergency Medical Technician/Paramedic - Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics care for the sick or injured in emergency medical settings. People’s lives often depend on the quick reaction and competent care provided by these workers. EMTs and paramedics respond to emergency calls, performing medical services and transporting patients to medical facilities.

Epidemiologist - Investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease, disability, or health outcomes. May develop the means for prevention and control.

Exercise Physiologist/Scientist - Assess, plan, or implement fitness programs that include exercise or physical activities such as those designed to improve cardiorespiratory function, body composition, muscular strength, muscular endurance, or flexibility.

Forensic Science Technician - Collect, identify, classify, and analyze physical evidence related to criminal investigations. Perform tests on weapons or substances, such as fiber, hair, and tissue to determine significance to investigation. May testify as expert witnesses on evidence or crime laboratory techniques. May serve as specialists in area of expertise, such as ballistics, fingerprinting, handwriting, or biochemistry.

Genetic Assistant - Complete administrative and clinical tasks in the offices of hospitals and other healthcare facilities relative to genetic disorders, birth defects, and inherited risk conditions. Duties vary with the location, specialty, and size of the practice.

Genetic Therapist - Genetic therapists assess individual or family risk for a variety of inherited conditions, such as genetic disorders and birth defects. They provide information and support to other healthcare providers, or to individuals and families concerned with the risk of inherited conditions.

Geneticist - Research and study the inheritance of traits at the molecular, organism or population level. May evaluate or treat patients with genetic disorders.

Geriatric Care Manager - Plan, direct, and coordinate medical and health services relative to aging population. May manage an entire facility, a specific clinical area or department, or a particular practice for a group of physicians.

Health Aide - Monitor the health status of an individual with disabilities or illness, and address their health-related needs, such as changing bandages, dressing wounds, or administering medication. Help with routine healthcare tasks or activities of daily living, such as feeding, bathing, toileting, or ambulation. If in a home environment, may also help with tasks such as preparing meals, doing light housekeeping, and doing laundry depending on the patient's abilities.

Health Educator - Provide information and instruction to patient and patient's families on how to manage particular or specific ailments, illnesses, or diseases such that to minimize its impact on the quality of life.

Health Information Manager – Responsible for the daily operations management of health information and electronic health records.

Health Physics Technician - Survey a workplace or other areas that may expose people to radiation to assess whether there is radiation or other hazardous materials present.

Health Sciences Manager - Plan, direct, or coordinate medical and health services in hospitals, clinics, managed care organizations, public health agencies, or similar organizations.

Healthcare Documentation Specialist - Implement and administer institutional-wide document management systems and related procedures that allow organizations to capture, store, retrieve, share, and destroy electronic records and documents as they pertain to healthcare and the healthcare system.

Healthcare Interpreter – Assist with the dissemination and comprehension of healthcare situation, diagnosis, rehabilitation, billing, health plans, and planning.

Healthcare Product Manager - Contribute to the process of developing a product from conception through delivery, (including brainstorming new ideas, marketing to target markets and distribution) by applying in-depth knowledge of sales statistics and trends to identify potential opportunities.

Hearing Instrument Technician - Evaluate individuals with hearing problems and assist in selecting the best hearing aid to improve condition.

Hemodialysis Technician - Oversees the dialysis process of patients whose kidneys no longer function properly.  Work in a range of settings, including hospitals, labs, and other on-site dialysis locations.

Histotechnologist - Apply knowledge of health and disease causes to evaluate new laboratory techniques and procedures to examine tissue samples. Process and prepare histological slides from tissue sections for microscopic examination and diagnosis by pathologists. May solve technical or instrument problems or assist with research studies.

Home Health Aide/Home Attendant - Monitor the health status of an individual with disabilities or illness, and address their health-related needs, such as changing bandages, dressing wounds, or administering medication. Work is performed under the direction of offsite or intermittent onsite licensed nursing staff. Help with routine healthcare tasks or activities of daily living, such as feeding, bathing, toileting, or ambulation. May also help with tasks such as preparing meals, doing light housekeeping, and doing laundry depending on the patient's abilities.

Kinesiotherapist – Apply scientifically based exercise principles to enhance physical and functional capabilities of an individual.

Lactation Consultant – Teach mothers how to feed their baby.  May work at a hospital, clinic, or doctor's office.

Life Care Planner - Develop plans for meeting the needs of individuals who have suffered catastrophic injuries, debilitating diseases, or other medical issues that require long-term care.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologist - Operate Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanners. Monitor patient safety and comfort, and view images of area being scanned to ensure quality of pictures. May administer gadolinium contrast dosage intravenously. May interview patient, explain MRI procedures, and position patient on examining table. May enter into the computer data such as patient history, anatomical area to be scanned, orientation specified, and position of entry.

Mammography Technician - Take radiologic scans for diagnostic or research purposes.

Massage Therapist - Perform therapeutic massages of soft tissues and joints. May assist in the assessment of range of motion and muscle strength or propose client therapy plans.

Medical Appliance Technician - Construct, maintain, or repair medical supportive devices such as braces, orthotics and prosthetic devices, joints, arch supports, and other surgical and medical appliances.

Medical Assistant - Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of a physician. Administrative duties may include scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding information for insurance purposes. Clinical duties may include taking and recording vital signs and medical histories, preparing patients for examination, drawing blood, and administering medications as directed by physician.

Medical Coder - Use various classification systems to code and categorize patient information for insurance reimbursement purposes, for databases and registries, and to maintain patients’ medical and treatment histories.

Medical Dosimetrist - Generate radiation treatment plans, develop radiation dose calculations, communicate and supervise the treatment plan implementation, and consult with members of radiation oncology team.

Medical Equipment Repairer - Test, adjust, or repair biomedical or electromedical equipment.

Medical Illustrator - Artist who specializes in producing images which are related to the medical field. These images may be used in instructional materials, informational handouts, advertisements, research publications, and a variety of other settings.

Medical Laboratory Scientist – Analyzes biological specimens, perform scientific testing on samples and report results to physicians.

Medical Laboratory Technician/Technologist - Perform routine medical laboratory tests for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May work under the supervision of a medical technologist.

Medical Librarian - Help people find and navigate desired medical information, medical and science-based resources in a library.

Medical Office Manager - Plan, direct, or coordinate medical and health offices in hospitals, clinics, managed care organizations, public health agencies, or similar organizations.

Medical Physicist - Apply knowledge and principles of physics to specialized equipment that helps examine, diagnose and treat patients usually in the fields of radiotherapy, nuclear technology or medical imaging.

Medical Radiologic Technician/Technologist - Take x-rays and CAT scans or administer nonradioactive materials into patient's bloodstream for diagnostic or research purposes. Includes radiologic technologists and technicians who specialize in other scanning modalities.

Medical Records Technician - Compile, process, and maintain medical records of hospital and clinic patients in a manner consistent with medical, administrative, ethical, legal, and regulatory requirements of the healthcare system. Classify medical and healthcare concepts, including diagnosis, procedures, medical services, and equipment, into the healthcare industry's numerical coding system. Includes medical coders.

Medical Secretary - Perform secretarial duties using specific knowledge of medical terminology and hospital, clinic, or laboratory procedures. Duties may include scheduling appointments, billing patients, and compiling and recording medical charts, reports, and correspondence.

Medical Transcriptionist - Transcribe medical reports recorded by physicians and other healthcare practitioners using various electronic devices, covering office visits, emergency room visits, diagnostic imaging studies, operations, chart reviews, and final summaries. Transcribe dictated reports and translate abbreviations into fully understandable form. Edit as necessary and return reports in either printed or electronic form for review and signature, or correction.

Medical/Clinical Assistant - Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of a physician. Administrative duties may include scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding information for insurance purposes. Clinical duties may include taking and recording vital signs and medical histories, preparing patients for examination, drawing blood, and administering medications as directed by physician.

Medication Aide - Administer daily medications and monitoring patients in hospital, specialty care, nursing homes, schools, correctional facilities, and assisted living facilities.

Midwife - Provide prenatal care and childbirth assistance.

Mobility (Orientation) Specialist - Help those who are visually impaired become more independent by evaluating the extent of the visual impairment and creating a personalized program of instruction.

Neurodiagnostic Technologist - Conduct electroneurodiagnostic (END) tests such as electroencephalograms, evoked potentials, polysomnograms, or electronystagmograms. May perform nerve conduction studies.

Neurological Imaging Technologist - Operate MRI scanners, monitor patient safety and comfort, and view images of area being scanned to ensure quality of pictures. Administer gadolinium contrast dosage intravenously, interview patient, explain MRI procedures, and position patient on examining table.  Enter the computer data such as patient history, anatomical area to be scanned, orientation specified, and position of entry.

Nuclear Medicine Technologist - Prepare, administer, and measure radioactive isotopes in therapeutic, diagnostic, and tracer studies using a variety of radioisotope equipment. Prepare stock solutions of radioactive materials and calculate doses to be administered by radiologists. Subject patients to radiation. Execute blood volume, red cell survival, and fat absorption studies following standard laboratory techniques.

Nurse Assistant/Orderly/Aide - Nursing assistants, sometimes called nursing aides, provide basic care and help patients with activities of daily living. Orderlies transport patients and clean treatment areas.

Occupational Health and Safety Specialist - Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians collect data on and analyze many types of work environments and work procedures. Specialists inspect workplaces for adherence to regulations on safety, health, and the environment. Technicians work with specialists in conducting tests and measuring hazards to help prevent harm to workers, property, the environment, and the general public.

Occupational Health and Safety Technician - Collect data on work environments for analysis by occupational health and safety specialists. Implement and conduct evaluation of programs designed to limit chemical, physical, biological, and ergonomic risks to workers.

Occupational Therapist - Occupational therapists treat injured, ill, or disabled patients through the therapeutic use of everyday activities. They help these patients develop, recover, improve, as well as maintain the skills needed for daily living and working.

Occupational Therapist Aide - Occupational therapy aides provide support activities to patients as they help patients develop, recover, improve, as well as maintain the skills needed for daily living and working. They work under the direction of Occupational Therapists.

Occupational Therapist Assistant - Occupational therapy assistants develop, recover, improve, as well as maintain the skills patients need for daily living and working. Occupational therapy assistants are directly involved in providing therapy to patients under the direction of occupational therapists.

Operating Room Technician - Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel. May help set up operating room, prepare and transport patients for surgery, adjust lights and equipment, pass instruments and other supplies to surgeons and surgeons' assistants, hold retractors, cut sutures, and help count sponges, needles, supplies, and instruments.

Ophthalmic Medical Assistant - Assist ophthalmologists by performing ophthalmic clinical functions. May administer eye exams, administer eye medications, and instruct the patient in care and use of corrective lenses.

Optician - Diagnose eye problems and issue a corrective prescription to patients. Oversee the process of preparing corrective lenses according to prescriptions provided by an ophthalmologist or optometrist.

Optician, Dispensing - Design, measure, fit, and adapt lenses and frames for client according to written optical prescription or specification. Assist client with inserting, removing, and caring for contact lenses. Assist client with selecting frames. Measure customer for size of eyeglasses and coordinate frames with facial and eye measurements and optical prescription. Prepare work order for optical laboratory containing instructions for grinding and mounting lenses in frames. Verify exactness of finished lens spectacles. Adjust frame and lens position to fit client. May shape or reshape frames. Includes contact lens opticians.

Optometric Assistant - Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of an optometrist. Administrative duties may include scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding information for insurance purposes. Clinical duties may include taking and recording medical histories and preparing patients for examination.

Optometric Technician - Assist optometrist by performing clinical functions.

Orthoptist - Diagnose and treat visual system disorders such as binocular vision and eye movement impairments.

Orthotic Technician – Assist orthotist with clinical functions including design, measure, fit, and adapt orthopedic braces, appliances or prostheses, such as limbs or facial parts for patients with disabling conditions.

Orthotist - Design, measure, fit, and adapt orthopedic braces, appliances or prostheses, such as limbs or facial parts for patients with disabling conditions.

Pathologist - Diagnose diseases and conduct lab tests using organs, body tissues, and fluids.

Pathology/Pathologist Assistant - Carry out supportive responsibilities under the direction of a pathologist within a lab setting.  Perform surgical and autopsy functions in a pathology laboratory except the diagnosis.

Perfusionist - Operate and manage the heart-lung machine during surgical procedures including heart surgeries as well as organ transplants, certain vascular surgeries, and specialized chemotherapy procedures.

Perfusion Technologist - Assist Perfusionist and cardiothoracic surgical team in using a heart-lung machine during cardiac surgery.

Personal Care Aide - Provide personalized assistance to individuals with disabilities or illness who require help with personal care and activities of daily living support (e.g., feeding, bathing, dressing, grooming, toileting, and ambulation). May also provide help with tasks such as preparing meals, doing light housekeeping, and doing laundry. Work is performed in various settings depending on the needs of the care recipient and may include locations such as their home, place of work, out in the community, or at a daytime nonresidential facility.

Personal Fitness Trainer – Personal fitness trainers and instructors lead, instruct, and motivate individuals or small groups in exercise activities, including cardiovascular exercises (exercises for the heart and blood circulation), strength training, and stretching. They work with people of all ages and skill levels.

Pharmacy Aide/Assistant - Record drugs delivered to the pharmacy, store incoming merchandise, and inform the supervisor of stock needs. May operate cash register and accept prescriptions for filling.

Pharmacy Technician - Prepare medications under the direction of a pharmacist. May measure, mix, count out, label, and record amounts and dosages of medications according to prescription orders.

Phlebotomist - Draw blood for tests, transfusions, donations, or research. May explain the procedure to patients and assist in the recovery of patients with adverse reactions.

Physical Therapist - Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that improve mobility, relieve pain, increase strength, and improve or correct disabling conditions resulting from disease or injury.

Physical Therapist Aide – Work indirectly with patient care, such as cleaning and setting up the treatment area, moving patients, and doing clerical duties.

Physical Therapist Assistant - Assist physical therapists in providing physical therapy treatments and procedures. May, in accordance with state laws, assist in the development of treatment plans, carry out routine functions, document the progress of treatment, and modify specific treatments in accordance with patient status and within the scope of treatment plans established by a physical therapist. Generally, requires formal training.

Podiatric Assistant – Is a medical assistant who specializes in the field of podiatry, a branch of medicine dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of foot disorders.

Polysomnographer - Operate instruments to evaluate breathing as well as checking heart and muscle activity, blood oxygen levels and eye movement. Polysomnographers often work at night because they are responsible for monitoring sleep studies.

Polysomnographic Technician/Technologist - Assist Polysomnographer in arranging and administering sleep studies, including preparing a patient for the study and monitoring the diagnostic machinery during the test. Also responsible for the well-being of their patients throughout the study.

Prosthetic Technician – Work with patient under supervision of Prostheticist to assess needs, designing prosthetics, utilize special machinery to fabricate the prosthetic, finish the device for cosmetic purposes, and ensuring proper fit and function.

Prostheticist - Design, measure, fit, and adapt orthopedic braces, appliances or prostheses, such as limbs or facial parts for patients with disabling conditions.

Psychiatric Aide - Assist mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed patients, working under direction of nursing and medical staff. May assist with daily living activities, lead patients in educational and recreational activities, or accompany patients to and from examinations and treatments. May restrain violent patients. Includes psychiatric orderlies.

Psychiatric Technician - Care for individuals with mental or emotional conditions or disabilities, following the instructions of physicians or other health practitioners. Monitor patients' physical and emotional well-being and report to medical staff. May participate in rehabilitation and treatment programs, help with personal hygiene, and administer oral or injectable medications.

Public Health Specialist – Act as a link between the community and healthcare professionals. Develop and implement strategies to improve the health of individuals and communities. Collect data and discuss health concerns with members of specific populations or communities.

Radiation Protection Technician - Monitor radiation emissions to protect individuals and the environment from radiation exposure.

Radiographer - In charge of setting up an x-ray machine, showing the patient what position they need to stand or lie down in, and then proceeding to take the necessary images.  Takes X-rays any part of the body that a physician orders to be X-rayed.

Radiology Assistant - Help radiologists manage and assess patients by performing radiologic procedures including taking diagnostic images used by physicians. Follow detailed instructions from physicians, prepare patients for procedures, implement proper safety protocol and operate computerized equipment. Responsible for calibrating and maintaining medical radiologic equipment.

Radiology Technician/Technologist (MRI) - Take x-rays and CAT scans or administer nonradioactive materials into patient's bloodstream for diagnostic or research purposes. Includes radiologic technologists and technicians who specialize in other scanning modalities.

Radiology Therapist - Provide radiation therapy to patients as prescribed by a radiation oncologist according to established practices and standards. Duties may include reviewing prescription and diagnosis; acting as liaison with physician and supportive care personnel; preparing equipment, such as immobilization, treatment, and protection devices; and maintaining records, reports, and files. May assist in dosimetry procedures and tumor localization.

Registered Dietitian - Plan and conduct food service or nutritional programs to assist in the promotion of health and control of disease. May supervise activities of a department providing quantity food services, counsel individuals, or conduct nutritional research.

Rehabilitation Aide - Work under direction of therapists to provide care and treatment and help maintain a safe, productive rehabilitation environment.

Respiratory Therapist - Assess, treat, and care for patients with breathing disorders. Assume primary responsibility for all respiratory care modalities, including the supervision of respiratory therapy technicians. Initiate and conduct therapeutic procedures; maintain patient records; and select, assemble, check, and operate equipment.

Respiratory Therapy Assistant - Responsible for maintaining an appropriate level of equipment in the various respiratory work areas and assisting the Respiratory Therapists and physicians with various procedures and tasks, as directed.

Respiratory Therapy Technician - Help patients who have breathing disorders by operating medical equipment and monitoring patients' reactions to treatment.

Sonographer - Produce ultrasonic recordings of internal organs for use by physicians using sound wave specialized equipment.

Speech-Language Pathologist - Assess and treat persons with speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. May select alternative communication systems and teach their use. May perform research related to speech and language problems.

Speech-Language Pathology Assistant - Assist speech-language pathologists in the assessment and treatment of speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. Implement speech and language programs or activities as planned and directed by speech-language pathologists. Monitor the use of alternative communication devices and systems.

Speech-Language Therapist – Utilize techniques to improve communication including articulation therapy, language intervention activities, and others depending on the type of speech or language disorder.

Surgical Assistant - Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons. May, in accordance with state laws, help surgeons to make incisions and close surgical sites, manipulate or remove tissues, implant surgical devices or drains, suction the surgical site, place catheters, clamp or cauterize vessels or tissue, and apply dressings to surgical site.

Surgical Technologist - Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel. May help set up operating room, prepare and transport patients for surgery, adjust lights and equipment, pass instruments and other supplies to surgeons and surgeons' assistants, hold retractors, cut sutures, and help count sponges, needles, supplies, and instruments.

Toxicologist - Work in a laboratory performing analysis on the effects of different toxins on plant, animal, and human systems. Toxicologists set up lab experiments that test the effect of pollutants, aspirin, fertilizers, or any other substance on the systems they encounter.

Toxicology Assistant - Perform routine toxicology laboratory tests under the supervision of a toxicologist.

Ultrasound Technician - Operate special imaging equipment to create images or conduct tests to help assess and diagnose medical conditions.

Veterinary Assistant - Feed, water, and examine pets and other nonfarm animals for signs of illness, disease, or injury in laboratories and animal hospitals and clinics. Clean and disinfect cages and work areas and sterilize laboratory and surgical equipment. May provide routine postoperative care, administer medication orally or topically, or prepare samples for laboratory examination under the supervision of veterinary or laboratory animal technologists or technicians, veterinarians, or scientists.

Veterinary/Animal Health Technician/Technologist - Perform medical tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases in animals. Prepare vaccines and serums for prevention of diseases. Prepare tissue samples, take blood samples, and execute laboratory tests, such as urinalysis and blood counts. Clean and sterilize instruments and materials and maintain equipment and machines. May assist a veterinarian during surgery.