Skilled Service Trades Apprenticeships

Skilled Service Trades

Service trades are named such as many services performed in this country are not traded with other countries – for example, the services of a landscaper or horticulturist. Services are an important source of innovation and growth in the country’s economy.

There is concern across the country that there will soon be a critical shortage of adequately trained skilled service trades workers. With a lack of qualified workers, economic growth could be severely impacted. Several theories have been offered to explain the ‘skilled service trades gap.’ Some include: mismatch between employee skills and employer needs, stagnant wages, new and specific technical requirements, a lack of employer‐sponsored on‐the-job training and apprenticeship programs, and declining student interest in skilled trades careers among students.

Apprenticeships for the skilled service trades are offered through private and public sectors. There are union as well as non-union apprenticeship programs. Employers, community colleges and universities, workforce investment boards, industry associations, and the military are among the groups that sponsor apprenticeship programs that are registered through the U.S. Department of Labor.

The description for each of the skilled service trades below is meant as a brief introduction to that particular trade being profiled. It is not an inclusive description yet is meant to provide a first glance overview of that service trade sector job.

All resource links listed will provide specific information for the particular trade being profiled relative to apprenticeships, associations, union and non-union affiliations and career understanding. Investigating, examining and inquiring into the organization links is a great first-step in not only your career exploration process but also in performing your due diligence when it comes to locating a registered apprenticeship.

Service Trades Apprenticeships

Appliance Technician – Appliance service technicians repair and service consumer appliances such as air conditioners, central vacuum systems, clothes washers and dryers, dishwashers, electric fireplaces and refrigerators. They troubleshoot appliance concerns and, based on their assessment, they provide work and cost estimates to the customer. They may also provide installation and maintenance services.

An expert appliance technician is willing to answer any and all of their customers questions.

North American Technician Excellence – NATE is the nation’s largest non-profit certification organization for heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration technicians.

Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors Association, Apprenticeship Information – The PHCC Educational Foundation’s apprentice and journeyman training programs are designed to help develop a highly skilled, well-educated workforce for the improvement of the industry.

Refrigerating Engineers and Technicians Association, Apprenticeship Program – Apprentices learn the aspects of a highly skilled occupation through on-the-job training and related instruction, while under the supervision of a journey-level craft person or trade professional.

Refrigeration Service Engineers Society (RSES) – The mission of this organization is to provide opportunities for enhanced technical competence by offering comprehensive, cutting-edge education and certification to our members and the HVACR industry.

United Association Union of Plumbers, Fitters, Welders, and Service Techs, Apprenticeships – Individuals who enter this five-year apprenticeship program are part of a select group of men and women motivated to learn a complex and challenging trade while upholding the ideals of trade unionism.

Essential Career Information:

  • Annual pay: An appliance technician will most likely earn a salary of approximately $48,000.
  • Employment growth forecast 2018–2028: 13%
  • Entry-level education: Appliance technicians can receive their training through an apprenticeship. Apprenticeship programs usually last 3 to 5 years.

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Baker – Bakers prepare products such as fermented goods, cookies, quick breads, pastries, cakes, chocolates, confections and frozen desserts. They prepare dough and batters for baked goods according to formulas using mechanized and non-mechanized tools and equipment. They may be self-employed or work in bakeries, supermarkets, catering companies, hotels, restaurants or institutional facilities.

A ‘bakester’ was once the proper word to refer to a female baker.

AIB International – AIB International helps the world’s favorite food brands earn customer trust by optimizing their processes and preventing recalls. They work to raise the standard for food safety and quality around the world.

Retail Bakers of America – This organization creates industry-specific training programs as well as develop small business programs. They seek to foster the community of retail bakeries providing a forum for exchange of industry and business information, as well as networking, learning opportunities and mentoring among bakers, future and existing.

Essential Career Information:

  • Annual pay: A baker will most likely earn a salary of approximately $28,000.
  • Employment growth forecast 2018–2028: 6%
  • Entry-level education: A baker may acquire their skills through long-term on-the-job training, typically lasting 1 to 3 years. Some employers may provide apprenticeship programs for aspiring bakers.

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Cook – Cooks prepare, cook, season and present a wide variety of foods. They provide complete meals or individual dishes. Cooks plan menus, determine the size of food portions and estimate food requirements and cost. They also monitor and order supplies, and oversee others in the preparation, cooking and handling of food.

Good food brings people together, great food makes them joyful. What could be better than that?

American Culinary Federation, ApprenticeshipsAs an apprentice in this organization, you will receive training from qualified professional chefs, develop documented culinary skills that are transferable within the industry, learn skills by rotating through different stations.

National Restaurant Association – The National Restaurant Association is the largest foodservice trade association in the world. We serve our members by advancing and protecting America’s restaurant and foodservice industry.

American Personal & Private Chef Association – The APPCA organization focuses on personal chef members who provide clients with excellent service.

Essential Career Information:

  • Annual pay: The median pay for a cook in 2019 was approximately $26,000.
  • Employment growth forecast 2018–2028: 11%
  • Entry-level education: Cooks often gain their skillset through an apprenticeship program. Professional culinary institutes, industry associations, and trade unions may sponsor such programs for cooks. Typical apprenticeships last 1 year and combine technical training and work experience.

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Electric Motor System Technician – Electric motor system technicians repair and rebuild electrical machines, systems and equipment. The scope of their work includes, but is not limited to, the maintenance, testing and repair of electric motors, transformers, switchgears and other electrical apparatus. In addition, they determine the need, extent and type of repairs required, and they prepare time and cost estimates.

Every day as an electric motor system tech is different – variety is the spice of life!

Automotive Youth Educational Systems – The ASE Education Foundation is a non-profit organization that evaluates and accredits entry-level automotive technology education programs against standards developed by the automotive service industry. It also develops career-readiness education for students which fuse local partnerships, rigorous standard-based education, workplace experience, and mentorship together.

National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence – This independent non-profit organization works to improve the quality of vehicle repair and service by testing and certifying automotive professionals.

Essential Career Information:

  • Annual pay: The average pay for an electric motor systems tech is approximately $40,000.
  • Employment growth forecast 2018–2028: 5%
  • Entry-level education: Apprenticeship programs usually last six months to a year and provide intensive career preparation through classroom instruction and hands-on practice. Short-term certificate programs in a particular subject, such as brake maintenance or engine performance, are also available.

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Florist – Being a florist embraces flower care and handling, floral design, or flower arranging, merchandising, production, display and flower delivery. Wholesale florists sell bulk flowers and related supplies to professionals in the trade. Retail florists offer fresh flowers and related products and services to consumers.

The first flower shop opened in 1875.

Association of Specialty Cut Flower Growers, Apprenticeship Information – The mission of this organization is to support specialty cut flower growers by creating accessible educational opportunities and research for growers at every stage in their development of financially sustainable businesses. They achieve this through encouraging the community through peer-to-peer learning and mentorship.

American Institute of Floral Designers – The American Institute of Floral Designers is the floral industry’s leading non-profit organization dedicated to establishing, maintaining and recognizing the highest standard of professional floral design.

Society of American Florists – The Society of American Florists is an organization that provides marketing, government advocacy, industry intelligence and best practices information for all participants in the U.S. floral industry.

Essential Career Information:

  • Annual pay: The average annual salary for a florist in 2019 was $28,000
  • Employment growth forecast 2018–2028: -14%
  • Entry-level education: Most floral designers have a high school diploma or the equivalent. Postsecondary programs may be useful for florists who want to start their own business.

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Horticulturist/Landscaper – Horticulturists and landscapers survey and assess landscape, draw sketches and interpret plans. They construct and maintain gardens, parks, golf courses and other landscape environments. In addition, they advise clients on issues related to horticulture and landscape construction. Horticulturists may propagate, cultivate and study plants, and oftentimes will treat injured and diseased trees and plants.

The most viewed landscape image is on a computer screen 💻

International Society of Arboriculture – ISA is the premier tree care organization in the world.

Tree Care Industry Association – TCIA develops safety and education programs, standards of tree care practice and management information for tree and landscape firms around the world. They provide continuing education, training, conferences and publications to promote the safe and appropriate practice of tree care.

National Association of Landscape Professionals, Apprenticeship Program – The NALP offers job seekers a path to a new career through a paid apprenticeship with a landscape company that includes on-the-job training.

Professional Grounds Management Society The PGMS is an individual membership society of grounds professionals, representing over 1,000 industry professionals in the United States, with members in Canada and overseas. The majority of members are institutional grounds managers who work for organizations such as colleges and universities, municipalities, park and recreation facilities, office parks, apartment complexes, hotel/motels, cemeteries, theme parks, etc.

Council of Landscape Architectural Registration Boards – This organization prepares, administers and scores the Landscape Architect Registration Examination (L.A.R.E.) which assesses the ability of prospective licensees to protect the public’s health, safety and welfare.

Essential Career Information:

  • Pay: The payrate can vary greatly. The average hourly rate of pay in 2019 was $14.50 for a horticulturist, landscape architects average annual pay in May 2019 was $69,000.
  • Employment growth forecast 2018–2028: Horticulturist 9%, Landscaper 4%
  • Entry-level education: Potential horticulturists may benefit by completing an apprenticeship with a landscape architecture firm during educational studies. Apprentices may improve their technical skills and gain an understanding of the day-to-day operations of the business, including learning how to recruit clients, generate fees, and work within a budget.

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HVAC Technician – HVAC technicians install, repair and maintain heating, ventilation, refrigeration and air-conditioning systems. Technicians can perform all of these services or specialize in a type of service (e.g. installation) and type of system (e.g. heating and air-conditioning). HVAC technicians can perform repairs on larger industrial units and smaller residential units.

HVAC technicians can make a positive impact on the environment by installing equipment that saves both energy and their clients’ money. Their services improve the air quality and thermal comfort of their clients’ homes.

Studies conducted by American researchers show that the chances of dying due to extremely hot temperatures have decreased by more than 80% over the last 50 years in the advent of air conditioning.

Associated Builders and Contractors, Inc. – Tens of thousands of apprentices and craft students train in more than 20 construction crafts through a national ABC network of 70 chapters offices across the country. Go to their website to find a chapter office near you.

Explore the Trades (Plumbing, HVAC, Electrical) – At Explore the Trades the mission is to recruit individuals to the plumbing, heating, cooling and electrical trades. These industries keep the country running. Jobs in these industries are in high demand and come with great pay, career opportunities and job security.

North American Technician Excellence – NATE is the nation’s largest non-profit certification organization for heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration technicians.

Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors Association, Apprenticeship Information – The PHCC Educational Foundation’s apprentice and journeyman training programs are designed to help develop a highly skilled, well-educated workforce for the improvement of the industry.

Refrigerating Engineers and Technicians Association, Apprenticeship Program – Apprentices learn the aspects of a highly skilled occupation through on-the-job training and related instruction, while under the supervision of a journey-level craft person or trade professional.

Refrigeration Service Engineers Society (RSES) – The mission of this organization is to provide opportunities for enhanced technical competence by offering comprehensive, cutting-edge education and certification to our members and the HVACR industry.

United Association Union of Plumbers, Fitters, Welders, and Service Techs, Apprenticeships – Individuals who enter this five-year apprenticeship program are part of a select group of men and women motivated to learn a complex and challenging trade while upholding the ideals of trade unionism.

Essential Career Information:

  • Pay: An average hourly rate of $23.25
  • Employment growth forecast 2018–2028: 13%
  • Entry-level education: Since HVAC systems may be complex, employers generally prefer applicants with postsecondary education or those who have completed an apprenticeship. Some states and localities may require technicians to be licensed.

 

Industrial Warehouseperson – Industrial warehouseperson may also be called a Parts Technician.   They perform ordering, warehousing, inventory control and sales of parts. Their duties also include identifying parts and equipment, searching for parts, shipping and receiving parts, providing customer service and advice, and maintaining records.

Few shifts in consumption patterns have had a greater impact on the warehousing industry than the rise of e-commerce

MHI – This is the nation’s largest material handler, logistics and supply chain association. As such, they work to deliver the latest knowledge, the strongest connections, powerful industry leadership, and the best market access for manufacturing and supply chain professionals.

Warehousing Education and Research Council – This professional organization is focused on logistics management and its role in the supply chain. Through membership in WERC, seasoned practitioners and those new to the industry master best practices and establish valuable professional relationships.

Essential Career Information:

  • Annual Pay: The average pay for an electric motor systems tech is approximately $30,000
  • Employment growth forecast 2018–2028: Flat
  • Entry-level education: Industrial warehousepersons usually need a high school diploma or equivalent and are trained on the job.

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Nursing Assistants/Orderlies/Personal Care Aides – The individuals in this sector of the skilled service trades provide basic care and help patients with activities of daily living. Orderlies transport patients and clean treatment areas.

Compassion is one of the most important qualities of a nursing assistant

National Network of Career Nursing Assistants – This organization is a non-profit, tax exempt, educational organization promoting recognition, education, research, advocacy and peer support development for nursing assistants in nursing homes and other long-term care settings.

National Council of State Boards of Nursing – NCSBN is a not-for-profit organization whose U.S. members include the nursing regulatory bodies in the 50 states, the District of Columbia and four U.S. territories.

Essential Career Information:

  • Annual Pay: A large range in average pay as of May 2019 was $28,000-$48,000
  • Employment growth forecast 2018–2028: 9%
  • Entry-level education: Specific requirements for individuals in this sector of the skilled service trades vary by state. Often a state-issued license or certification is needed. After completing an approved program, a competency exam must be passed, which allows the use of state-specific titles.

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Personal Care Technicians (Barbers, Hairstylist, Cosmetologists) – Barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists provide haircutting, hairstyling, and a range of other beauty services such as skincare (cleanse and beautify the face and body to enhance a person’s appearance).

One of the coolest things about a personal care technician is that you’ll never run out of new things to learn. It’s a huge creative field where new techniques and trends show up all the time.

American Association of Cosmetology Schools – AACS provides timely updates to members on information and resources about new teaching methods, industry events, and federal regulatory updates.

Beauty Schools Directory – Information about different beauty careers, details about their training and licensing requirements, and advice about salary expectations is provided on this website.

National Association of Barber Boards of America – The mission of the National Association of Barber Boards of America is to support state licensing boards in their authority to protect the public as it applies to the practice of barbering by upholding health and safety standards and by maintaining the policies and protocols of the barbering industry.

National-Interstate Council of State Boards of Cosmetology – This organization’s mission is to promote the protection of the health, safety, and welfare of the public and the professional workforce by actively pursuing excellence in cosmetology and related fields.

Professional Beauty Association – PBA provides its members with valuable resources, support, and connections to help elevate and grow careers and the industry. Essential Career Information:

  • Pay: The average hourly rate of pay in 2019 was $14.50
  • Employment growth forecast 2018–2028: 8%
  • Entry-level education: All states require barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists to be licensed. To qualify for a license, candidates are required to graduate from a state-approved cosmetology program which oftentimes includes an apprenticeship experience.

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Respiratory Therapist – Respiratory therapists work with patients who have difficulty breathing. They assess and treat dysfunction of the lungs and provide patient care for all ages. They may also provide emergency care in cases of drowning, heart attack or shock.

The aging baby boomer generation requiring additional health care is keeping the job prospects for individuals in this skilled service trade sector very strong.

National Board for Respiratory Care – This board of professionals promotes excellence in respiratory care by awarding credentials based on high competency standards, The National Board for Respiratory Care shares your goal of protecting and enhancing patient lives. See how you can become a candidate for credentials.

American Association for Respiratory Care – The AARC is the foremost professional association promoting respiratory therapists. It seeks to advances professional excellence and science in the practice of respiratory therapy, serving the profession, patients, caregivers and the public.

Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care – The mission of the CoARC is to ensure that high quality educational programs prepare competent respiratory therapists for practice, education, research, and service.

Entry-level Educational programs are offered by colleges and vocational–technical institutes. Respiratory therapists typically need an associate’s degree, but some have bachelor’s degrees in respiratory therapy. Respiratory therapists are licensed in all states except Alaska; requirements vary by state.