Changing careers later in life
Changing careers later in life can be challenging, whether it involves returning to education or simply striking out in a new direction. And yet it's a prospect many people face, by choice or by necessity. The importance of preparing yourself, of making the best, most-informed choice, is even greater in middle age; all the advice that applies to anyone planning their career applies here as well, but other issues are also foremost:
How possible is it? What are the prospects?
There's no denying that, embarking on a new career, a (say) 50-year-old faces challenges that someone fresh out of school does not. Large companies are less likely see the 50-year-old's paper qualifications as reason enough to hire them – and are likely not used to judging applicants for relatively entry-level positions in terms of their decades of experience, rather than in terms of their qualifications and energy.
Of course for many people a new career is not a matter of choice but of necessity, so questions of possibility and prospects don't really apply; the issues are defined by necessary. That's no reason not to take the same care in choosing your path.
And, on the positive side: today's job market is a place in which people change jobs frequently (12-15 jobs in a working life is now the average), in which secure pensions are an endangered species, and in which loyalty is less and less important, and less and less expected, from employers or employees. The 22-year-old new hire is probably more likely to be gone in 5 years. This means that the relatively few remaining working years an older newcomer offers to employers can be less of an issue, if s/he comes with a promising prospectus.
That means that this prospectus is of crucial importance. Choosing a new career path in which your previous experience is an asset can help immensely, as can communicating the energy and perseverance that led you to undertake, and carry out the ambitious project of changing careers in midstream. You're selling yourself in different terms than a young person straight out of school is.
And stress that experience: bringing a young new hire up to speed in the basic disciplines of working life is an expensive and time-consuming proposition for many employers.
One very real consideration, in these circumstances, is whether the best possible trajectory is perhaps one that involves self-employment rather than working for someone else. This can involve offering a service or opening a business; but it means that the only person judging your capacity is you.
Finally, there can be practical advantages to changing careers in middle age – advantages that someone in their 30s might well not enjoy. Experience has already been mentioned; but there's also the possibility that a 50-year old will be in a better immediate financial position than someone still raising children and paying off a mortgage and student loans. In fact, arriving at those two familiar landmarks – the empty nest and the last mortgage payment – can often play a role in the decision to strike out in a new direction.
Finally, for those whose search for a new career is a matter of necessity rather than choice, these considerations do not apply. The following suggestions as to how to approach the project do mostly apply, however.
If you want to change jobs in middle age or beyond, consider the following suggestions:
You cannot have too much self-knowledge
This is as true for someone in middle-age and considering a career change as it is for a teenager pondering what to do after high school. And so your first step should be to ask yourself "What do I want out of a change of career?" and "What marketable skills have I accumulated?"
Answering the first question involves making some sort of life plan, assessing the goals you have for your career and for life in general; this is probably more important at 50 than 18, if only because you don't have the same luxury of time in which to make mistakes and change your mind. Put it all on paper and reflect on it. Writing a cover letter for the perfect job you've yet to apply to is one way of starting this process. Another is accessing the vast array of resources available for those
Answering the second question should entail more than a list of credentials and jobs; life demands more skills than that, and you will have accumulated many of them. List them, study them, and list some more. The cover letter can cover these as well. Write it, re-write it....
Compared to that teenager, you're relatively unlikely to have a store of undeveloped talents or ambitions waiting to be discovered. Your assessment will be of a different sort. But you never know; there's no reason not to take the same assessment tests offered to teenagers. Perhaps an unexpected career as a sculptor or a bereavement counselor beckons! So if you like, by all means take them. This is especially true if your search for a new career is a result of the old one ending, rather than a desire for new horizons that you might already have in sight.
Learn about the available options
Study the job market. The options available for those entering a new career in their fifties are smaller in number than for those starting out their working lives, but they exist. One possibility, if you don't already have a particular job or field in mind, is to take advantage of the services offered by companies, training centers and professional institutes that concentrate on offering their services to older clients.
Some organizations offer entrepreneurship training to this segment of the population, and unless you have strong and concrete reasons to rule this option out, it is one that you definitely should consider.
Learn how to market your experience
You will certainly get job offers, and thus have the opportunity to present yourself and what you have to offer at interviews. Your best strategy will almost always be to emphasize the experience and skills you've accumulated.
Some employers will always lean towards hiring younger applicants, and some jobs will favor what youth has to offer. Other employers will value experience over youth, and there will certainly be jobs in which age and experience constitute an advantage. It's a cliche, but one based in truth, that employers are obliged to spend longer and longer training young employees in basic skills which an older candidate will already have acquired.
The most important thing is that you recognize that you are offering an alternative to the younger people competing for the same job, and take every opportunity to remind your interviewers of this fact. Differentiate yourself, and sell the difference. That difference is experience.
Look to your networks
Standard job-search websites will be of less use to the older job-seeker striking out for new pastures; they'll naturally be focused on jobs aligned to the needs of people moving within the trajectory of a career: entry level jobs for young people; more senior jobs for older employees moving within a typical career arc..... By all means make use of them, but you should also explore your networks – of friends and relatives, of former co-workers and employers, of acquaintances made through your union or professional or recreational associations.
A wealth of networks is one strength the older job-seeker brings to the search. And networks can constitute a powerful resource. People who know you well won't hesitate to pass your name on to anyone they encounter who might be looking to hire, and they won't hesitate to present you in the most positive terms. And someone, somewhere in your extended network, might simply offer you a job. So by all means network.
Be persistent and flexible
Searching for a good job will always require persistence, even for young people. This is even more true for the older candidate looking to change career paths. The only answer to the real challenges entailed is persistence. Keep at it, use all the skills and strategies you have acquired, and something will eventually come your way. Hand in hand with this persistence should go a degree of flexibility.
This can be harder with the passing years, if only because the older job-seeker my feel they don't have the same luxury of time to invest in jobs that do nothing but pay the rent. But flexibility may prove necessary if a chosen field proves impermeable to your best efforts. It doesn't mean giving up, but rather returning to your research and exploration, and a search that takes you even further afield.
Career Exploration – 40s and Beyond
It is a common misconception that after a certain age it’s ‘too late’ to make a career change. When in reality, quite the opposite is true. With the average age of retirement rising, many people over 40 may have 15, 20, or even 30 years of working life left in them. Why not consider spending the remainder of your working years in a new career?
Organizations and Employment Services
National Council on Aging – This organization helps people aged 60+ meet the challenges that aging brings. Partnerships are with non-profit organizations, government and businesses to provide innovative community programs and services. Of particular interest is the Older Workers – Economic Security web page that has resources to help mature workers (who must keep working) find employment and training.
U.S. Department of Labor, Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP) - SCSEP offers a part-time employment program for low-income persons age 55 or over. Program participants work at community and government agencies and are paid the federal or state minimum wage, whichever is higher. They may also receive training and can use their participation as a bridge to other employment positions which are not supported with federal funds.
National Older Worker Career Center (NOWCC) – Here is a non-profit organization that works with government agencies to support the efforts of providing skilled and experienced workers for a variety of positions including professional, administrative, technical and scientific. NOWCC connects these individuals, age 55+, with part-time and full-time opportunities throughout the country. These are non-federal, grant-administered positions and are not meant to compete with private sector wages. Use the available Search tool to see how you can utilize your expertise.
Learn How To Become, Career Change After 50 Guide –This Guide has incredible depth of information and support tools to help aid your every step in the journey on a new career venture.
Center for Workforce Inclusion, The Center for Workforce Inclusion has been building pathways to employment for low-income, older job seekers. This organization offers a wide range of assistance serving a wide range of older job seekers. They deliver job training, education assistance, and support as individuals pursue meaningful economic opportunities.
Next Avenue – Next Avenue is a non-profit journalism website that specifically services America’s booming older population. Daily content delivers vital ideas, context and perspectives on issues that matter most as people age. This organization’s mission is to meet the needs and unleash the potential of older Americans through the power of media. Of particular note is the Work & Purpose section of the website.
Workforce GPS, Older Workers Community - This is an online hub to share resources, news, and emerging practices about the Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP). This site is designed to facilitate peer-to-peer communication among SCSEP grantees and sub-grantees, Federal Project Officers, and the national program office.
Renewment – This organization represents a forum and community of women age 55 and older in support of the transition from active work to retirement. Offered are articles, events and nationwide coordinated groups to further collaboration and comradery.
Great Senior Living – This website is a super online destination with helpful information for mature adults. Of particular note is the article By Laura Slauson, Published February 14, 2018 (last updated May 20, 2020), 31 Good Jobs for Older People. A lot of great insight as well as inspiration.
American Society on Aging (ASA) – Here is an association of diverse individuals brought together by one common goal - to support the commitment and enhance the knowledge and skills of those who seek to improve the quality of life of older adults and their families. ASA offers professional education, publications, online information and training resources that are nationally recognized.
The Gerontological Society of America, Career Center - The GSA provides this Career Center for mature job seekers to find the best jobs and for employers to find qualified candidates.
Workforce 50, Careers for Mid-Career Changers and Seniors – This webpage of the Workforce 50 website may be of particular interest to you in that occupational data by general field of interest or specific job title will be displayed based on your demographic search parameters. Also included in the results are average salary in the U.S., and the forecasted growth rate of the job. Associated career opportunities may also be listed to provide alternative options.
myskillsmyfuture.org – Here is a great tool to search careers that use similar skills and experience to your previous occupation(s). You’ll also find the demand, wages, training and typical tasks.
Small Business Readiness Assessment – You finally have the time and support to think about that small business venture you’ve always dreamed of. Here is a helpful online and concise assessment tool that will help guide you in understanding exactly how ready you just may be to embark on that dream.
AARP Foundation, Finding a Job After 50 – This webpage of the AARP website offers assistance in navigating through all the information you need to build a job search plan. Numerous job search strategies are shared via effective and concise video excerpts.
American Society on Aging, Careers – Featured jobs, resume review, search capabilities, browse job openings by category….there’s a lot of ways to locate your next career opportunity. Helpful hint: You may want to check out the Job Search Resource Center.
Senior Job Bank – The SeniorJobBank is a meeting place for over-50 job seekers and the employers seeking their services. This organization’s goal is to provide a service that encompasses the full range of employment types and disciplines including part time workers or people newly entering the work force and ranging up to highly skilled executives and engineers continuing their full-time careers. Hint: For insight into popular industries, be sure to check out the Careers and Education Information by State.
Seniors4Hire – This organization advocates for seniors seeking jobs or other ways to earn a living. This is accomplished in two ways: working tirelessly to persuade businesses to overcome any residue of age discrimination and providing content that prepares members to compete with confidence in the recruitment marketplace.
Retired Brains – This website has great retirement advice right at your fingertips! It is a comprehensive independent resource website for baby boomers, those planning their retirements, and active retirees on the Internet. Retired Brains specializes in helping baby boomers, retirees, and those planning their retirement be happy, healthy and prosperous.
Retirement Jobs - RetirementJobs.com, Inc. has more than one million members nationwide. It was founded by a team of professionals with senior executive backgrounds in media, online recruiting and human capital management. This organization’s goal is to identify companies most-suited to older workers and match them with active, productive, conscientious, mature adults seeking a job or project that matches their lifestyle.
encore.org – Did you know that the number of people over the age of 60 now outnumber people under the age of 18? This organization envisions a path where a more-older-than-young society works for all generations. encore.org is a non-profit dedicated to bridging divides, connecting across generations and building a better future.
Employ Florida, Silver Edition – This website is a portal for the state’s workforce services with a primary focus on job openings and job candidates. Employ Florida, Silver Edition provides useful information to older, retirement-age job seekers who wish to remain in or return to the work world.
Cool Works, Jobs in Great Places, Older and Bolder – If you still have energy and dreams, there are tons of opportunities still ‘out there’ waiting for you. Jobs found on this website have been gathered from across the globe. Of particular interest, is the webpage that breaks down the job openings by